Pinot noir is a red wine grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera. The name may also refer to wines created predominantly from Pinot noir grapes. The name is derived from the French words for pine and black. The word pine alludes to the grape variety having tightly clustered, pine cone-shaped bunches of fruit.
In Italy, where Pinot noir is known as Pinot nero, it has traditionally been cultivated in South Tyrol, the Collio Goriziano, Franciacorta, Oltrepò Pavese, Veneto, Friuli and Trentino. It is also planted in Tuscany.
In South Tyrol the variety is first noted 1838 as “Bourgoigne noir” in a grape wine buy list of the “k.u.k. Landwirtschafts-Gesellschaft von Tirol und Vorarlberg, Niederlassung Bozen” and later called “Blauburgunder” like in Austria. The first analytical descriptions are from Edmund Mach (founder of Ist. Agr. San Michele a.A.) in the year 1894: Friedrich Boscarolli – Rametz/Meran – Rametzer Burgunder 1890, Chorherrenstift Neustift – Blauburgunder 1890, R.v.Bressendorf – Vernaun/Meran – Burgunder 1890, C. Frank – Rebhof Gries Bozen – Burgunder 1889, Fr. Tschurtschenthaler – Bozen – Burgunder 1890 & 1891, Fr. Tschurtschenthaler – Bozen – Kreuzbichler 1889 & 1891 & 1887.